American Academy of Pediatrics AAP Task Force on Infant Positioning and SIDS: Positioning and SIDS. Pediatrics 89:1120-1126, 1992
Clarren SK, Smith DW. Congenital Deformities , Pediatric Clinics of North America 24:665-667,1977
Clarren SK, Smith D, Hanson J. Helmet treatment for plagiocephaly and congenital muscular torticollis, J Pediatr 94:43-46,1979
Clarren, SK. Plagiocephaly and torticollis: etiology, natural history and helmet treatment. J Pediatr. 98:92-95.1981
Dias MS, Klein DM: Occipital plagiocephaly: Deformation or lambdoid synostosis? II. A unifying theory regarding pathogenesis. Pediatr Neurosurg 24:69-73, 1996
Dunn, PM. Congenital sternomastoid torticollis: An intrauterine postural deformity. Arch Dis Child 49:824,1974.
Eckhardt RB, Shiang TY, Sommer HJ, Ripley CE, Beals SP, Joganic EF: On growth and form: Superquadric modeling of change in cranial contours following dynamic orthotic cranioplasty in the treatment of positional plagiocephaly. American Journal of Physical Anthropology (abstract) Supplement 19:1995
Emery,C., The Determinants of Treatment Duration for Congenital Muscular Torticollis. Physical Therapy, 74(10) Oct. 1994.
Fielding, JW, Hawkins, RJ, Hensinger, RN and Frances, WR. Atlantoaxial rotary deformities. Orthop. Clin. North Am. 9:955 1978.
Fitz Simmons, HJ. Torticollis. JAMA 64: 645,1915.
Golden KA, Beals SP, Littlefield TR, Pomatto JK. Sternocleidomastoid imbalance versus congenital muscular torticollis: Their relationship to positional plagiocephaly. Cleft Palate Craniofacial J., 36 (3); 256-61, May 1999.
Golding-Bird, CH. Congenital wry-neck (caput ostipum congenitale: torticollis congenitalis): with remarks on facial hemiatrophy. Guys Hosp.Rep. 47:253,1890
Habal, MB. Craniorbital skeletal deformities in patients with torticollis. Scientific program of the Vth International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgery. Oaxaca, Mexico, October 1993.
Horton, CE, Crawford, HH, Adamson, JE, Ashbell, TS. Torticollis. South. Med. J. 60:953-958,1967
Huang MH, Gruss JS, Clarren SK,et al: The differential diagnosis of posterior plagiocephaly; True lambdoid synostosis versus positional molding. Plast Reconstr Surg 98:765-774, 1996
Hunt CE, Puczynski MS: Does supine sleeping cause asymmetric heads: Pediatrics 97:877-885, 1996
Kane AA, Mitchell L, Craven K, Marsh J. Observations on a recent increase in plagiocephaly without synostosis, Pediatrics 97:877-885, 1996
Kawamoto, HK Jr. Torticollis versus Plagiocephaly. In D. Marchac (Ed.) Craniofacial Surgery. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1st Int. Congress of the Int. Soc. Of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery. 1985. Pp.105-109
Kelly KM, Littlefield TR, Pomatto JK, Manwaring KM, Beals SP. Cranial growth unrestricted during treatment of deformational plagiocephaly. Pediatric Neurosurg; 30:193-199, 1999
Kelly KM, Littlefield TR, Pomatto JK, Ripley CE, Beals SP, Joganic EF; Importance of early recognition and treatment of deformational plagiocephaly with orthotic cranioplasty. Cleft Palate Craniofacial J., 36(2):127-130,1999
Kiesewetter, WB, Nelson, PK, Palladino, VS and Koop, CE. Neonatal torticollis. JAMA 157:1281, 1955
Largo RH, Duc G. Head growth and changes in head configuration in healthy preterm and term infants during the first six months of life, Hel Pediatr 1977; 32: 431-442
Lidge RT, Bechtol RC, Lambert, CN. Congenital muscular torticollis: etiology and pathology. J. Bone Joint Surg, 39A:1165,1957
Littlefield TR, Kelly KM, Pomatto JK, Beals SP. Multiple-birth infants at higher risk for development of deformational plagiocephaly. Pediatrics. 103(3): 565-9, 1999
Littlefield TR, Reiff JL, Rekate HL: Diagnosis and Management of Deformational Plagiocephaly. BNI Quarterly 17(4); 18-25, 2001
Mickelson MR, Cooper RR, Ponseti IV: Ultrastructure of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in muscular torticollis. Clin Orthop 110:11-18. 1975
Moss M. The pathogenesis of artificial cranial deformation, Am J Phys Anthropol 16:269-286, 1958
Pollack IF, Losken HW, Fasick P: Diagnosis and management of posterior plagiocephaly. Pediatarics 99:180-185, 1997
Pomatto JK, Littlefield TR, Manwaring KM, Beals SP. Etiology of positional plagiocephaly in triplets and treatment using a dynamic orthotic cranioplasty device: report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus 2(2): Article 2, 1997
Rekate HL: Diagnosis and management of plagiocephaly. BNI Quarterly 2:69-75, 1986
Rekate HL. Occipital plagiocephaly: a critical review of the literature. J. Neurosurg 89:24-30,1998.
Task Force on Infant Sleep Position and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Changing concepts of sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Implications for infant sleeping environment and sleep position. American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics 105:650-656, 2000
Turk A, McCarthy J, Thorne C, et al: The Back to Sleep Campaign and deformational plagiocephaly: Is there a cause for concern?, J Craniofac Surg 7:12-18, 1996
Back to Resources