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Research Articles

American Academy of Pediatrics AAP Task Force on Infant Positioning and SIDS: Positioning and SIDS. Pediatrics 89:1120-1126, 1992

Clarren SK, Smith DW. Congenital Deformities , Pediatric Clinics of North America 24:665-667,1977

Clarren SK, Smith D, Hanson J. Helmet treatment for plagiocephaly and congenital muscular torticollis, J Pediatr 94:43-46,1979

Clarren, SK. Plagiocephaly and torticollis: etiology, natural history and helmet treatment. J Pediatr. 98:92-95.1981

Dias MS, Klein DM: Occipital plagiocephaly: Deformation or lambdoid synostosis? II. A unifying theory regarding pathogenesis. Pediatr Neurosurg 24:69-73, 1996

Dunn, PM. Congenital sternomastoid torticollis: An intrauterine postural deformity. Arch Dis Child 49:824,1974.

Eckhardt RB, Shiang TY, Sommer HJ, Ripley CE, Beals SP, Joganic EF: On growth and form: Superquadric modeling of change in cranial contours following dynamic orthotic cranioplasty in the treatment of positional plagiocephaly. American Journal of Physical Anthropology (abstract) Supplement 19:1995

Emery,C., The Determinants of Treatment Duration for Congenital Muscular Torticollis. Physical Therapy, 74(10) Oct. 1994.

Fielding, JW, Hawkins, RJ, Hensinger, RN and Frances, WR. Atlantoaxial rotary deformities. Orthop. Clin. North Am. 9:955 1978.

Fitz Simmons, HJ. Torticollis. JAMA 64: 645,1915.

Golden KA, Beals SP, Littlefield TR, Pomatto JK. Sternocleidomastoid imbalance versus congenital muscular torticollis: Their relationship to positional plagiocephaly. Cleft Palate Craniofacial J., 36 (3); 256-61, May 1999.

Golding-Bird, CH. Congenital wry-neck (caput ostipum congenitale: torticollis congenitalis): with remarks on facial hemiatrophy. Guys Hosp.Rep. 47:253,1890

Habal, MB. Craniorbital skeletal deformities in patients with torticollis. Scientific program of the Vth International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgery. Oaxaca, Mexico, October 1993.

Horton, CE, Crawford, HH, Adamson, JE, Ashbell, TS. Torticollis. South. Med. J. 60:953-958,1967

Huang MH, Gruss JS, Clarren SK,et al: The differential diagnosis of posterior plagiocephaly; True lambdoid synostosis versus positional molding. Plast Reconstr Surg 98:765-774, 1996

Hunt CE, Puczynski MS: Does supine sleeping cause asymmetric heads: Pediatrics 97:877-885, 1996

Kane AA, Mitchell L, Craven K, Marsh J. Observations on a recent increase in plagiocephaly without synostosis, Pediatrics 97:877-885, 1996

Kawamoto, HK Jr. Torticollis versus Plagiocephaly. In D. Marchac (Ed.) Craniofacial Surgery. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1st Int. Congress of the Int. Soc. Of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery. 1985. Pp.105-109

Kelly KM, Littlefield TR, Pomatto JK, Manwaring KM, Beals SP. Cranial growth unrestricted during treatment of deformational plagiocephaly. Pediatric Neurosurg; 30:193-199, 1999

Kelly KM, Littlefield TR, Pomatto JK, Ripley CE, Beals SP, Joganic EF; Importance of early recognition and treatment of deformational plagiocephaly with orthotic cranioplasty. Cleft Palate Craniofacial J., 36(2):127-130,1999

Kiesewetter, WB, Nelson, PK, Palladino, VS and Koop, CE. Neonatal torticollis. JAMA 157:1281, 1955

Largo RH, Duc G. Head growth and changes in head configuration in healthy preterm and term infants during the first six months of life, Hel Pediatr 1977; 32: 431-442

Lidge RT, Bechtol RC, Lambert, CN. Congenital muscular torticollis: etiology and pathology. J. Bone Joint Surg, 39A:1165,1957

Littlefield TR, Kelly KM, Pomatto JK, Beals SP. Multiple-birth infants at higher risk for development of deformational plagiocephaly. Pediatrics. 103(3): 565-9, 1999

Littlefield TR, Reiff JL, Rekate HL: Diagnosis and Management of Deformational Plagiocephaly. BNI Quarterly 17(4); 18-25, 2001

Mickelson MR, Cooper RR, Ponseti IV: Ultrastructure of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in muscular torticollis. Clin Orthop 110:11-18. 1975

Moss M. The pathogenesis of artificial cranial deformation, Am J Phys Anthropol 16:269-286, 1958

Pollack IF, Losken HW, Fasick P: Diagnosis and management of posterior plagiocephaly. Pediatarics 99:180-185, 1997

Pomatto JK, Littlefield TR, Manwaring KM, Beals SP. Etiology of positional plagiocephaly in triplets and treatment using a dynamic orthotic cranioplasty device: report of three cases. Neurosurg Focus 2(2): Article 2, 1997

Rekate HL: Diagnosis and management of plagiocephaly. BNI Quarterly 2:69-75, 1986

Rekate HL. Occipital plagiocephaly: a critical review of the literature. J. Neurosurg 89:24-30,1998.

Task Force on Infant Sleep Position and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Changing concepts of sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Implications for infant sleeping environment and sleep position. American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics 105:650-656, 2000

Turk A, McCarthy J, Thorne C, et al: The “Back to Sleep Campaign” and deformational plagiocephaly: Is there a cause for concern?, J Craniofac Surg 7:12-18, 1996

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The content of the Heads UP BabyŽ website are for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment of your family physician. There may be variations in treatments or recommendations based on your baby's individual facts and circumstances. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding your baby.

This video is licensed for private home exhibition only.  copyright 2000 Stephen P. Beals, MD.  All rights reserved.